June 20, 2024

Supervision is the process of guiding, helping, training, and encouraging staff to improve their performance in order to provide high-quality health services.



1. Integrated Supportive Supervision

Periodic assessment of all the activities for which a particular facility is responsible

Not all the activities can be supervised at one time, every activity should have been supervised at one time, every activity should have been supervised at least once in the course of one year

Carried out by multidisciplinary teams which have expertise in clinical practise, public health, administration and finance

2. Technical Supervision

Specific program may require program specific supervision

3. Emergency Technical Supervision

In case of emergency or outbreaks

Other types

Direct type:

Face to face talk with workers

Indirect type:

With the help of records, reports of worker

Routine Supervision strategy in Nepal

FromToNo of times/year
– Terai
– Hill
– Himalayans

DistrictPHCC/ HP6
Strategy in Nepal


mneumonics: From Centre(5) to Peripheri Staff le GAREM Supervision
  • Fair
  • Continuous Process
  • Cooperation and Communication
  • Communication should be good: Open and Clear
  • Checking and guidance is done
  • Coordial and Mutual trust
  • Climate for positive work
  • Well Planned
  • Mutual trust with staff
  • Growth and Development of staff
  • Autonomy of staff
  • Encourage working in decision making in staff
  • Respect the personality of staff

Qualities of Supervisor

mneumonics: SMART JHOLE: PM
  • Smart, Alert, Enthusiastic
  • Mastery of different techniques in it
  • Motivate others
  • Adequate knowledge in management
  • Respectful
  • Trust worthy
  • Judgemental power and decision making should be good
  • Helpful
  • Open and broad minded
  • Leadership skills
  • Emotionally mature
  • Provide timely feedback

Importance of Supervision

mneumonics: GP and EM le ICU hernu parxa: Happy

Guidance and control of sub-ordinates

Put plan into actions towards accompany goals

Effective coordination

Morale and confidence increases

Prosperity among employee and employer

Increase productivity

Continuity of work

Utilization of resources in best interest of organization

See also: Management

See also: Leadership