April 11, 2024

Antibiotic resistance occurs due to overexposure to antibiotics in bacteria due to various causes.

Antibiotic resistance
Antibiotic resistance

Penicillin attack the peptidoglycan which is resisted by the lipid layer in gram-negative bacterias: Cause of penicillin resistance in gram-negative organisms

Mechanisms of Antibiotics resistance

Mechanisms of Antibiotic resistance

  1. Efflux
    • Fluoroquinolones
    • Aminoglycosides
    • Tetracycline
    • B-lactam
    • Macrolides
  2. Immunity and Bypass
    • Tetracycline
    • Trimethoprim
    • Sulfonamides
    • Vancomycin
  3. Target modifications
    • Fluoroquinolones
    • Aminoglycosides
    • Vancomycin
    • Penicillin
    • Macrolides
    • Rifampicin
  4. Inactivating enzymes
    • B-lactam
    • Aminoglycosides
    • Macrolides
    • Rifampicin

See also: Acute Osteomyelitis

See also: General Principle of Infection